Amoxicillin history

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    Amoxicillin history


    The molecular formula is C16H19N3O5S•3H2O and the molecular weight is 419.45. The chemical structure is: Amoxicillin acts by inhibiting bacterial cell wall synthesis. Lack of bacterial cell wall results in death due to lysis of bacteria. So amoxicillin is useful only for actively growing and cell wall synthesizing bacteria. Food does not interfere with absorption of amoxicillin. It crosses the placenta; small amounts are distributed into breast milk. Amoxicillin is excreted mainly by kidney and by hepatic metabolism. Its excretion can be delayed by concomitant administration of probenecid. Amoxicillin is a semisynthetic (synthesized from naturally occurring substance) aminopenicillin antibiotic structurally related to ampicillin. It is a moderate-spectrum antibiotic active against a wide range of Gram-positive, and limited number of Gram-negative bacteria. Amoxicillin was discovered by scientists at Beecham Research Laboratories in 1972. In the US it is marketed by Glaxo Smith Kline (the inheritor company) under the original trade name Amoxil. The narrow antimicrobial spectrum of penicillins, led to the search for derivatives of penicillin which could treat a wider range of infections. The first important step forward was the development of ampicillin. Ampicillin had a broader spectrum of activity than either of the original penicillins and allowed doctors to treat a broader range of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative infections.

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    Амоксициллин Amoxicillin. Содержание. Структурная формула. Применение вещества Амоксициллин. Противопоказания. Ограничения к применению. Amoxicillin is an extended spectrum penicillin group of antibiotic. Amoxicillin acts by inhibiting bacterial cell wall synthesis. Lack of bacterial cell wall results in death due to lysis of bacteria. Amoxicillin Anhydrous is the anhydrous form of a broad-spectrum, semisynthetic aminopenicillin antibiotic with bactericidal activity. Amoxicillin binds to and inactivates penicillin-binding proteins PBPs located on the inner membrane of the bacterial cell wall.

    Amoxicillin is a prescription antibiotic similar to penicillin, and is used to treat bacterial infections in various parts of the body. It can be taken as a pill, powder, liquid or injection depending on the patient, and is available under a variety of brand names in many countries. Amoxicillin is related to penicillin, which was first discovered by Sir Alexander Fleming in 1928 when he noticed it being produced by the mould Penicillium notatum. However, amoxicillin is an artificially altered (semisynthetic) variant of penicillin, and was first made in 1972. The whole point of converting penicillin into amoxicillin is that the latter is more effective at treating disease. Augmentin (See 'Clavulanic Acid' below) was first introduced in 1998, and is even more useful. Amoxicillin doesn't actually kill bacteria, but instead it prevents them from multiplying, thus making it easier for the immune system to wipe out the infection. Амоксициллин - антибиотик пенициллиновой группы, который помогает больным выздороветь при заболеваниях различными бактериальными инфекциями. Является полусинтетическим препаратом, по своим лечебным свойствам наиболее близок к антибиотику ампициллину, но считается надёжнее его благодаря лучшей усвояемости организмом при приёме таблеток внутрь. Амоксициллин неустойчив к воздействию бета-лактамаз, производимых некоторыми микроорганизмами, обитающими в желудочно-кишечном тракте (ЖКТ) человека, поэтому активное вещество лекарства комбинируется с клавулановой кислотой, выполняющей роль ингибитора бета-лактамаз. Разработка лекарства была завершена в 1972 году фармацевтической кампанией Beecham, а его продажи начала уже правопреемница Beecham - фирма Glaxo Smith Kline. Первоначально препарат назывался Амоксил, так как на него был оформлен соответствующий патент с зарегистрированным торговым названием. Состав амоксициллина – это органические соединения, ядро которых образует 6-аминопенициллановая кислота, получаемая из Penicillium chrysogenum. Благодаря ей происходит ускоренное всасывание препарата в кровь, соответственно, высокая концентрация амоксициллина достигается за меньший промежуток времени. В свою очередь, этот факт позволяет назначать больным острыми вирусными или бактериальными инфекциями таблетки амоксициллина вместо, например, инъекций ампициллина, что значительно облегчает приём лекарства и экономит денежные средства.

    Amoxicillin history

    Amoxicillin Amoxil Drug Side Effects, User Reviews, Drug., Antibiotic Drugs, Information, Mechanism of action,

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  4. History of allergic reaction to any of the penicillins is a contraindication for use of amoxicillin. Adverse reactions Hypersensitivity reactions, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, rashes may occur with amoxicillin.

    • Antibiotic Drugs, Information, Mechanism of action..
    • Amoxicillin C16H19N3O5S - PubChem.
    • Alexander Fleming The History of Penicillin.

    History of discovery. Amoxicillin was discovered by scientists at Beecham Research Laboratories in 1972. In the US it is marketed by GlaxoSmithKline the inheritor company. Compare prices and print coupons for Amoxicillin Generic Amoxil and other Skin Infection, Ear Infection, Urinary Tract Infection, Bacterial Infection, Lower Respiratory Infection, and Upper Respiratory Infection drugs at CVS, Walgreens, and other pharmacies. Амоксицилли́н — лекарственное средство, полусинтетический антибиотик широкого спектра действия группы пенициллинов. По своим фармакологическим свойствам близок к.

     
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